What is English Language Teaching?
It’s pretty self-explanatory English Language Teaching also abbreviated as ELT and widely known as ELT globally refers to the pedagogy of teaching English to learners of English, however ELT commonly refers to improving speaking competence especially the English language taught non-native speakers of English, in simple terms teaching English to people whose first language or mother tongue is not English.
When it comes to English Language Teaching to non-native speakers there are some specific courses out there such as TESOL – Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages and TEFL – Teaching English as a foreign language. The TESOL and TEFL follow completely different teaching methodologies; however, the common thing is that they are aimed at teaching learners who are non-native speakers of English. These two courses are available even online.
English Language Teaching Trends in India
This is a vast topic to discuss first of all keeping in mind the cultural & linguistic differences that prevail in India. India is a country with 29 states and 7 union territories and with a population exceeding 133 crores. Not many schools or colleges or universities out there follow the TESOL or TEFL or ELT methodology with Cambridge and Oxford University the top suppliers of these ELT materials in India there is an easily countable number of International schools and colleges that follow this methodology.
Out of my personal experience as a TESOL certified trainer I haven’t seen ESL, TEFL or TESOL followed in schools in India, I’ve traveled to many places in South India to offer training for teachers so that they could implement the same in their school curriculum. India is yet to realize that the ESL or TEFL or TESOL methodology needs to be implemented in school curriculums. Each state follows its own curriculums and it has to be a centralized decision if India really decides to learn English as a language rather than English as a Subject.
Parents in recent times have understood the importance of learning English as a language because for all they know is their children are being educated in an English medium school for 14 years and yet when their children graduate from school they are unable to speak English fluently. It’s turning out to become a blame game where the schools blame the students and parents and vice versa.
The trend that prevails in India is that once students graduate out of school they approach a private language institute in their neighborhood and try to learn the language and in many places the truth is the students end up learning English Grammar and stand at the same point with no improvement, and the result is a waste of time and money. In recent times many students have taken a liking towards online tutoring as it is convenient, cost-effective and they can record the classes too.