I was wondering how I could pull out some English language learning from the general elections that is around the corner in India. Citizens of India and even some NRI’s are geared up and eagerly waiting to vote for their favourite leader and party during this general elections. As a matter of fact even we are waiting for the day, having said this I assure you that this is not a political post or propaganda for any party, however I was thinking of how people in India keep discussing major issues around them and express their eagerness to bring on top the party and leader they want.
Discussions is communication
How many of us do communicate in English?
How many of us are running short of the right words to be used?
How many of us watch the NEWS in English and wonder what those big words mean?
How many of us read the daily newspapers and wonder what the difficult word or sentence structures mean?
There are many of us online who read news blogs, political news and opt for Google translation to understand what those words mean and if we fail to understand we are definitely impatient and we allow it to pass thus don’t learn. It’s not our mistake but may be it is!
Here we are to read and learn some election related words or vocabulary that will help us recognize them when we meet them again.
|S. No||Election Vocabulary||Meaning||Sentence|
|1.||Election||It’s a term that refers to an organized system of choosing a leader for a party, organization, country, state, locality or even a religious organization by voting for the favorites in majority||It’s the duty of every responsible citizen of India to vote on the election day.|
|2.||Vote||An organized and formal indication of choice between two or more candidates, people or citizens typically expressed through ballot or show of hands.||Citizens of India above the age of 18 with accepted government identity have the rights to vote.|
|3.||Election Campaign||A means used by political parties to promote and present their mission, vision, objectives and promises to candidates through various means most popularly during election campaign meetings.||The ruling party has decided to have their first election campaign in Theni district in Tamilnadu.|
|4.||Citizen||Person who has all the legal rights by birth or by being offered to him/her by the constituency is a citizen of that particular country||Rama is a citizen of India.|
|5.||Constituency||The entire country is broken down in to constituencies from where people elect their representatives from their constituency as their representative in the parliament. In the local body elections constituencies are called wards.||Tamilnadu has 39 Lok Sabha constituencies.|
|6.||Candidate||In the elections scenario a candidate is typically a person who represents the party in a particular area who is elected by people from that area.||Raju is definitely the right candidate to represent the congress in Madurai.|
|7.||Poll||The process of voting in elections is called poll.||The two major parties in India are keeping their fingers crossed awaiting the results of the 2019 Lok Sabha polls.|
|8.||Opinion Poll||The process of conducting a survey by private organisations to gain people’s opinion prior to the real time elections.||A Lok Sabha poll survey was taken 20 days before the election day.|
|9.||Political Party||Political Party is typically a group of people who come together with the same views, mission, and objectives to contest elections and gain power in the government, perhaps to serve people.||There are 7 recognised national political parties and 51 recognised state political parties in India.|
|10.||Majority||In the political context it means a political party having sufficient electoral strength and people support to form a government when compared to their oppositions.||It’s definitely impossible to say which political party can win by majority in the 2019 polls in India.|
|11.||Party Leader||If there is a political party there should definitely be a leader and he is called the Party leader who will act as the official representative of the party in the governmental system.||Patnaik has always been a great party leader; however the party is planning to elect a vibrant young leader to lead the party.|
|12.||Political leader||A person with good leadership skills and active in politics and is definitely a people’s man is a political leader.||Patnaik has been a good party leader however he has failed to prove himself as a great political leader.|
|13.||Politician||A person who is actively and professionally immersed in politics and especially a person who is elected by his people to the office.||There isn’t an official HR interview conducted to fetch a job as a politician.|
|14.||Cast a Vote||Cast a vote is a phrase to express the process of voting for one’s favourite candidate||Often this phrase is expressed by people as “I put my vote for XYZ party” rather it should be “I cast my vote for XYZ party”
Example: Who did you put vote for? (Wrong)
Who did you vote for? (Correct)
|15.||Election Commission||A body that was formed to overlook all the electoral procedures. It’s a government body formed to take care of A to Z of the election proceedings.||In India the election commission is said to be an independent body that is not governed by changing powers at the center.|
The above words are simple, aren’t they? But we need to know and how to use them in our conversations. There are many more words out there associated to elections and I’m sure I will come up with more informative and educative blogs in the coming days. There are many words and phrases that we often misuse or misinterpret in our day to day conversations, having a constant check on our language usage and using it efficiently is part of learning and it happens every day. English cannot be learnt in a day or by just signing up for a course and getting certified but on the other hand a learner should make a constant effort to meet the language every day and consume content and new words to become efficient and fluent.